春季养胃必知 专家推荐饮食法保护肠胃 益生菌要选这3种

春季养胃必知 专家推荐饮食法保护肠胃 益生菌要选这3种

春季养胃必知 专家推荐饮食法保护肠胃 益生菌要选这3

春季,随着温度逐渐升高、湿度增加,大自然焕发出勃勃生机。然而,春季阳气上升,容易导致肝气过旺,进而影响到脾胃,出现腹泻等胃肠功能紊乱的症状。春天以“风”为主气,气候特点变化较大,忽冷忽热,乍暖还寒,稍微一不注意的话,就可能诱发各种急性肠胃炎等问题。纽约知名肠胃科专家荆彤医生分享了春季的饮食建议,帮助大家在这个春天保持肠胃健康。

荆彤医生强调,益生菌对于平衡肠内菌群、维持肠道健康起着至关重要的作用。特别是嗜酸乳杆菌(A菌)、比菲德氏菌(B菌)和干酪乳杆菌(C菌),这三种益生菌能有效抵御外来病菌侵袭,增强肠道免疫力,保持肠道环境平衡。

1. 益生菌——肠道健康的守护者

通过适当补充益生菌,可以帮助改善肠胃不适、调节免疫、预防结肠癌等多种肠胃问题。

1.1 嗜酸乳杆菌(A菌)

最常见的来源包括发酵乳制品,如酸奶和几种特殊类型的奶酪。此外,它也可以在发酵食品如酸泡菜、酸豆奶和其他非乳制的发酵食品中找到。一些专门添加了这种益生菌的营养补充品中也含有嗜酸乳杆菌。

1.2 比菲德氏菌(B菌)

比菲德氏菌主要存在于母乳中,对于婴儿的肠道健康至关重要。成人可以通过摄取富含比菲德氏菌的发酵乳制品,如某些特制的酸奶和奶酪,来补充这种益生菌。除了乳制品,还有专门的比菲德氏菌补充剂可供选择。

1.3 干酪乳杆菌(C菌)

干酪乳杆菌在多种发酵食品中都有存在,包括某些类型的奶酪(尤其是干酪),发酵乳饮料,以及像泡菜、味噌和天然发酵的橄榄等。此外,市面上也有包含干酪乳杆菌的益生菌补充剂。

考虑到每个人的健康状况和需求不同,在大量摄入益生菌之前,最好咨询医疗专业人士的意见。

2. 香料的智慧选择——天然的抗菌剂

春季饮食中适当添加茴香、姜黄等香料,不仅能增加食物的风味,更重要的是它们具有抗菌和保护胃黏膜的效果。这些天然香料能够帮助我们更好地保护肠胃,减少春季疾病的发生。

春季 肠胃养护 食物2.1 姜黄

姜黄的主要活性成分为姜黄素,具有强大的抗炎和抗氧化特性。

2.1.1 抗炎作用:姜黄中的姜黄素可以有效减轻肠胃炎症,帮助治疗慢性炎症性肠病(如克罗恩病和溃疡性结肠炎)。

2.1.2 促进消化:姜黄有助于刺激胆汁产生,改善消化系统的功能,减轻消化不良和胀气等症状。

2.1.3 保护肠道屏障:研究显示姜黄有助于维持肠道屏障的完整性,防止有害物质和细菌入侵,从而保护肠道健康。

2.2 茴香

茴香的种子(通常称为茴香籽)在传统医学中用于治疗各种消化系统疾病。

2.2.1 缓解胃肠胀气:茴香籽有助于缓解胃肠道胀气和痉挛,通过放松消化道的平滑肌肉来减轻不适感。

2.2.2 促进消化:茴香籽被用来促进消化,提高食欲,尤其适合消化不良和食欲减退的情况。

2.2.3 抗菌作用:茴香籽含有的化合物具有抗菌效果,可以帮助抵抗肠道中的有害细菌,维持肠道健康。

2.2.4 缓解肠痉挛:茴香籽还被用来治疗肠道痉挛,特别是对婴儿和小孩的肠绞痛有良好的缓解效果。

3. 含锌食物——修复与防护的双重作用

春季 肠胃养护 食物

春季补充富含锌的食物对肠胃健康尤为重要。锌不仅具有抗炎作用,还能帮助修复受损的肠黏膜,增强身体的抵抗力。

荆彤医生推荐通过食用海鲜(如蛤蜊、牡蛎)、南瓜子、猪肉等食物来补充锌,以预防和减轻春季肠胃炎症。

4. 多酚类食物——自然界的抗炎剂

多酚具有强大的抗氧化和抗炎作用,能够有效减轻肠胃炎症,保护肠胃健康。荆彤医生建议,春季应多摄入这些食物,为肠胃提供天然的保护。

巧克力、蓝莓、草莓、洋葱、青花菜等食物都富含多酚,是春季肠胃养护的好帮手。

5. 酵素的补充——助力消化

春季饭后补充富含天然酵素的水果,如波罗(菠萝)、木瓜、奇异果等,能够帮助肠胃消化,减轻肠胃负担。

荆彤医生建议大家饭后半小时吃一些富含酵素的水果,适量的酵素补充,能够促进食物的分解和吸收,预防消化不良和肠胃不适。

除了饮食上的调整,荆彤医生还强调了生活习惯的重要性。勤洗手、保持环境卫生、避免生冷食物、确保食物充分煮熟,这些基本的习惯对于防止肠胃疾病的发生具有重要作用。


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紐約法拉盛羅斯福大道 136-68 號3樓(梅西百貨旁)

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燒心、反酸、胸痛、咳嗽、長期胃痛?出現這些症狀應儘快做胃鏡檢查

29 3 月, 20248 Comments养胃 | 姜黄 | 春天 | 春季 | 益生菌 | 肠胃 | 肠胃炎 | 肠道 | 茴香 | 酵素 | | 食物 | 饮食 | 香料
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